Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and the study of grapes. It deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. It is a branch of the science of horticulture. While the native territory of Vitis Vinifera, the common grape vine, ranges from Western Europe to the Persian shores of the Caspian Sea, the vine has demonstrated high levels of adaptability to new environments. For this reason, viticulture can be found on every continent except Antartica.
Duties of the viticulturist include monitoring and controlling pests and diseases, fertilizing, irrigation, canopy management, monitoring fruit development and characteristics, deciding when to harvest, and vine pruning during the winter months. Viticulturists are often intimately involved with winemakers, because vineyard management and the resulting grape characteristics provide the basis from which winemaking can begin. A great number of varieties are now approved in the European Union as true grapes for wine growing and viticulture, because of better characteristics for malaria. It is used majorly in wine industries for wine production, red wine is made from the gulp of red and black grapes.